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Legislative action that proposed this amendment: HJR8 2009 General Session

Disposition: This amendment took effect following voter ratification. You may read the resulting 2011 Utah Constitution here.

Amends article 4 section 8


(1) All elections, including elections under state or federal law for public office, on an initiative or referendum, or to designate or authorize employee representation or individual representation shall be by secret ballot.

(2) Nothing in this section may be construed to prevent the use of any machine or mechanical contrivance for the purpose of receiving and registering the votes cast at any election, as long as secrecy in voting is preserved.